AWA News Release: Alberta Oil-Gas-Oilsands Footprint Grows in Endangered Caribou Habitat Despite Viable Alternatives
October 10, 2014
An area the size of Prince Edward Island (over 560,000 hectares) has been auctioned for new oil and gas leases in threatened Alberta woodland caribou ranges since October 2012. There are no meaningful surface disturbance limits on these leases even though the federal government directed provinces in October 2012 to reduce industry footprint within their caribou ranges.
A further 35,000 hectares of oil and gas lease sales in caribou range are planned from mid-October to early December 2014. Alberta Wilderness Association (AWA) calls on the Alberta government to develop meaningful, enforceable rules to reduce industry’s footprint in caribou habitat. Provincial range plans required under the federal boreal caribou recovery strategy should provide tools to achieve this step; Alberta’s first plans are expected soon for two endangered west central Alberta populations.
“Caribou desperately need the Alberta government’s upcoming caribou range plans to reverse habitat loss by actually reducing industry footprint,” says Carolyn Campbell. “Will the Prentice government preside over Alberta caribou extinction, or choose solutions for caribou that can also work for industry?”
Oil sands development drives caribou habitat destruction several ways. Over 80% of caribou ranges in northeast Alberta had bitumen leases as of 2011, and population rates for caribou there have declined by an estimated rate of 5-15% per year over the past two decades. Demand for liquids-rich gas to produce ‘diluent’ used to ship bitumen by rail and pipeline accounts for much of the intensive energy activity in caribou ranges in northwest and west central Alberta.
Significant energy extraction is possible while steadily recovering caribou habitat. Alberta could place total surface disturbance limits within caribou ranges and give companies alternatives to prove tenure, to motivate longer-distance directional drilling and pooling of leases. In that way, energy companies could still extract very significant resources while aggregating and reducing their surface footprint.
Premier Prentice pledged during his leadership candidacy: “if we’re serious about becoming a global leader in energy, then we need to become a global leader in environmental performance. Under my leadership, we will establish Alberta as a world leader in the advancement of conservation and the protection of the environment.” AWA looks forward to Alberta’s upcoming range plans for the Little Smoky and A La Peche herds to fulfill that pledge by requiring total habitat disturbance levels to fall.
Energy and forestry footprint in caribou ranges stimulates deer, moose, and predator populations, robbing the caribou of their ability to minimize overlap with predators. Provincial scientists assessed Alberta woodland caribou as ‘endangered’ in 2010, though the province has not yet updated their listing from ‘threatened’. Caribou recovery is both technically and biologically feasible, according to scientists.
For more information:
Carolyn Campbell, Alberta Wilderness Association, (403) 921-9519 (cell)
See attached pdf for map and chart of recent and planned oil and gas leasing in Alberta caribou ranges